Auckland expects significant improvements in it’s transport system so that it works well for business, residents and visitors, supports Auckland’s development, and contributes to the health and safety of it’s people and the character of it’s places.
KO TE ARO WHAKAARO O TĀMAKI MAKAURAU, KA PIKI NGĀ PĀINGA, TE PU-NAHA RERENGA-Ā-WHENUA, KIA PUTA AI ŌNA HUA KI TE AO PAKIHI, IWI KĀINGA, MANUHIRI HOKI ME TŌNA ĀWHINA I TE TUPU O TĀMAKI MAKAURAU. KA WHAKARATO I TE HAUORA ME TE WHAKAMARUMARU I NGĀ IWI ME TE ĀHUA O ŌNA WĀHI KATOA.
735_ Auckland’s transport system is overburdened and inefficient. Years of underinvestment in public transport, existing settlement patterns and the narrow isthmus, compounded by decisions taken over the past half century, mean that Aucklanders rely heavily on private cars as their primary transport mode. Roads and motorways are heavily congested and further expansion is severely constrained. The projected population growth over the next thirty years will exacerbate the problems unless radical transformation occurs.
736_ Auckland requires an integrated transport network that enables people and goods to move freely and efficiently, while respecting the need for place-making. The network comprises motorways, roads and streets, public transport (ferries, buses and trains), footpaths and cycle-ways, ports and airports. A goal of the Auckland Plan is to integrate all transport components using a single system approach. This requires strategic investment and close co-operation between the Auckland Council and central government.
737_ The three components required to address current congestion problems, accommodate future business and population growth, and move to a single transport system are, to:
- improve and complete the existing road and rail network
- encourage a shift towards public transport
- support environmental and health objectives through walking and cycling.
738_ The transport system must integrate with land use to ensure that transport links support growth centres and transport corridors as set out in this Plan. This will necessitate improvements to the existing road and rail system. Several connections must be completed to optimise investment to serve the needs of Aucklanders; for example, the City Rail Link and the Auckland Manukau Eastern Transport Initiative (AMETI).
739_ Currently, 85% of trips in Auckland are made are by private car, and around 15,000 extra cars join Auckland’s roads every year. Although motor vehicles will remain an important element of the transport system, improving public transport options and connections along key transport corridors will encourage commuters to use public transport. Such a shift will reduce congestion, and free up the roads for freight transport and commercial travel (thus improving productivity and competitiveness), and journeys where there is no alternative to using cars.
740_ Aucklanders are already turning to public transport, with patronage increasing from 65 million to 70 million between 2011 and 2012. By 2040, the number of public transport trips per person per annum will have increased from 44 to 100, with all Aucklanders making two trips by public transport every week, compared to only one trip at present. To reach this target, it will be important for patronage in Auckland to reach 140 million trips by 2022 – a doubling from current levels. This will require a greater allocation of funding to public transport than has happened in the past.
741_ Investment in public transport will improve the resilience of the transport system through strengthening its capacity to handle unexpected events. Pollutants from motor vehicles must be reduced. Increased public transport use, walking and cycling reduce fossil fuel consumption, improve energy efficiency and decrease dependence on imported fuels. Increasing the proportion of travel by public transport will reduce carbon emissions and mitigate the effect of transport on climate change. Transport currently accounts for 39.7% of Auckland’s greenhouse gas emissions (see Chapters 7: Auckland’s Environment, and 8: Auckland’s Response to Climate Change). The transport sector needs to reduce its own emissions by 40% by 2040 (based on 1990 levels), to help Auckland achieve its reduction targets.
742_ As well as encouraging Aucklanders to use public transport, the Auckland Plan incorporates measures to improve the safety, personal security and attractiveness of walking and cycling alternatives. Across all of Auckland by 2040, 45% of trips in the morning peak are targeted to be non car-based (walking, cycling or public transport) compared to 23% at present. To achieve this requires good street design and integrated planning. Cycleways and footpaths complement the public transport network and the single system approach. These measures will enhance the quality and character of Auckland and help build healthy communities and enable more active lifestyle choices.
743_ Achieving the vision for Auckland’s transport system requires the Auckland Council to work closely with central government and the New Zealand Transport Agency (NZTA) to optimise funding and maximise the benefits from current and future transport investment. Aucklanders overwhelmingly support the need to improve the transport system. Different means of funding this investment are being considered.
744_ Through the co-ordinated activity enabled by the Auckland Plan, much can be achieved within one decade of action:
in 2016 a new, all-electric fleet will provide reliable, high- quality and fairly priced train services. The modern and environmentally clean service will attract 48,000 passengers a day or 17.5 million passenger trips p.a.
in 2016 Waterview, the final major motorway connection, will be opened. This will enable an alternative north-south link, both within the region and between regions, significantly reducing the pressure on State Highway 1 and local roads
in 2021 the City Rail Link will be completed. Britomart will become a through station and Auckland’s entire rail network will benefit from rapid rail access. The link will encourage new development close to stations. The metro rail service will reduce pressure on bus services to the city centre, and add to the appeal of public transport over private cars
Auckland’s transport system will be managed as a ‘single system’ that optimises all major routes and gives customers real-time information on travel choices
the provision of universal ultra-fast broadband will aid telecommuting, allowing increasing numbers of Aucklanders to work from home or to travel at off-peak times, thus reducing peak congestion
increasing attention to the needs of cyclists and pedestrians will improve the safety of Auckland’s streets and encourage people to commute by walking and cycling. This will benefit their health and reduce pollution and traffic congestion.
745_ What follows in this chapter are:
- the four strategic transport priorities for Auckland:
Manage Auckland’s transport as a single system
Integrate transport planning and investment with land-use development
Prioritise and optimise investment across transport modes
Implement new transport funding mechanisms
- the three-decade outline of transport investment and action aligned to the broader outcomes sought in this Plan.