17_ The Auckland Plan signals the intention to ensure there is always at least 20 years of ‘planned land capacity’ available; and a 7-year average of ‘unconstrained development capacity’ (zoned and serviced with bulk infrastructure) at any point in time, with a minimum of 5 years’ and maximum of 10 years’ capacity (refer to Directive 10.2 in Chapter 10: Urban Auckland, and the Development Strategy).
18_ As part of the process audit, Council will review the land supply position and prepare a variation statement and an action plan to resolve any significant variations to targets.
19_ It may not be financially prudent to hold up to 10 years’ supply of fully serviced land in advance of that land being occupied and generating income from development or financial contributions, rates and user charges. To meet the minimum and maximum supply requirements, the Annual Implementation Update will consider the term ‘planned land capacity’ at a more refined level.
20_ For audit purposes, ‘planned land capacity’ is to be accounted for in three categories – ‘unconstrained’, ‘zoned serviceable‘ and ‘in the planning pipeline‘ with:
a . A minimum of 5 years of land supply classified as ‘unconstrained’, with operative District Plan or Unitary Plan zoning, and serviced or able to be serviced within 5 years with relevant network utilities and transport infrastructure, should development occur immediately
b . A further 5 years of supply classified as ‘zoned serviceable’, with District Plan or Unitary Plan zoning that is operative or will be operative within 5 years and capable of being serviced between 5 and 10 years from now, with the necessary investment by Council and the CCOs included in the Long Term Plan, and by the relevant network utility operators in their 5- to 10-year plans (this is necessary to ensure the average 7 years’ unconstrained development capacity is being delivered)
c . A further 10 years of supply classified as ‘in the planning pipeline’ (zoned or being investigated by Council and network utility operators for zoning).
21_ Land ‘in the planning pipeline‘ means land that is somewhere in the planning process, including existing zoned land and land that Council proposes or supports for rezoning . The Annual Implementation Update audit will be used to demonstrate that there is sufficient land ‘in the planning pipeline’ to deliver capacity for approximately 190,000 dwellings between 2022 and 2031. This figure is derived from the Auckland Plan’s anticipated dwelling growth in the second decade of the Auckland Plan, as set out in Figure D.7 in the Development Strategy (and Addendum Table 2), and is meant to enable up to 70% of growth inside the 2010 MUL baseline and up to 40% outside it.
22_ Land supply targets will apply both to brownfield development opportunities in the existing urban area for intensification, and to peripheral urban expansion. They will also apply to both residential and business land supply.
23_ In practice, a substantially greater amount of zoning capacity may often need to be provided for in brownfield areas than the total number of dwellings expected to be built. Future work will refine what reasonable amounts of capacity will be, in order to provide sufficient supply in these areas to implement the Auckland Plan. The process audit will be used to demonstrate the work under way.
24_ In order to meet land supply targets, Auckland Council will work with infrastructure providers to streamline and align infrastructure investment within identified development areas, and carry out investigations in longer-term supply areas. The Council will collaborate with infrastructure providers and key stakeholders in all necessary planning processes, including Long Term Plan and Unitary Plan processes, to ensure the delivery of these targets.
Measurement of targets
25_ For housing development, the anticipated dwelling growth in each decade (shown in Figure 10 of the Development Strategy) will be used to determine the land area required for ‘planned land capacity’ under each category (to give the number of ‘years of supply’).
26_ Section D: Auckland’s High Level Development Strategy includes assessment of total area of business land available for development within current and future capacity, including vacant lots (930ha), brownfields for redevelopment (510ha), planning pipeline (430ha) and a target for new greenfields land (1400ha minimum), a total of 3270ha. This provides for 109ha/per year for 30 years. These targets will be subject to a similar audit process as for residential greenfield land, to give the number of ‘years of supply‘.
27_ Addendum Table 2 shows the indicative process for auditing land supply targets. This process may be refined over time to meet requirements. The principle is to convert dwelling and business floor area requirements to gross land area required, based on planned densities, and to compare this to land supply at the time of each Annual Implementation Update. Land supply is converted to ‘years of supply’ based on the expected rate of delivery.
* The combined total of dwellings in the ‘unconstrained’ and ‘zoned serviceable’ categories is 100,000 which equates to the anticipated dwelling growth in the 2012-21 decade. The total supply of land ‘in the planning pipeline’ is to be capable of accommodating up to 190,000 dwellings in the second decade. This is to provide for up to 70% of the anticipated 170,000 required new dwellings inside the 2010 MUL and up to 40% outside the 2010 MUL (see Figure D .7 of the High Level Development Strategy) .
Refining Greenfield Areas for Investigation and the Location of the RUB
28_ The Annual Implementation Update will provide the opportunity to report on investigations into the appropriateness of providing for the development of Greenfield Areas for Investigation shown on Maps D.1 and D.2 in the Development Strategy. Through this process, the settled location of the Rural Urban Boundary (RUB) can be reported.
29_ The eventual location of the RUB in and around Greenfield Areas for Investigation will need to provide sufficient land to supply the number of dwellings shown in Chapter D: Auckland’s High Level Development Strategy, and a minimum of 1,400 hectares of business land.
30_ It is anticipated that further investigation will prove some of the areas covered by Greenfield Areas for Investigation to be unsuitable for development. The Greenfield Areas for Investigation should prove large enough for parts of them to be discounted as inappropriate for development, without requiring new areas to be investigated.